1. Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to translate a passage from Chinese into English. You should write your answer on Answer Sheet 2.
The National Population Census is the basic method of collecting population information widely used by all the countries and is also the key source of the national population data. This year, China carries out the seventh population census. The census is strictly performed in accordance with the corresponding national regulations. It can provide basis for the nation to set the population policy and plan the social development. Everyone should actively cooperate with the census and contribute to this national condition survey.
2. Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to translate a passage from Chinese into English. You should write your answer on Answer Sheet 2.
With the rapid development of science and technology and the change of times, some expressions have been given brand-new meanings. The word “cloud” used to refer to a natural phenomenon, which has now become a metaphor in the Internet field. By means of “cloud”, users can access a huge amount of online resources and data anytime and anywhere. In early 2020, affected by the COVID-19, most people had to stay isolated at home, so new lifestyles like “cloud travelling” and “cloud shopping” have come into being. “Cloud supervision” is a new noun coined under this circumstance, which refers to netizens’ “supervising” the construction of two hospitals for the epidemic prevention and control in Wuhan by watching live webcasts. These popular Internet slangs that are derived from common nouns and given brand-new meanings reflect people’s continuous pursuit of diversified lifestyles in the new era.
3. Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to translate a passage from Chinese into English. You should write your answer on Answer Sheet 2.
水稻是世界上主要的粮食作物之一，原产于中国和印度，中世纪引入欧洲南部。七千年前，长江流域的先民们就曾种植水稻。中国是世界上水稻总产量最高的国家。水稻喜高温、多湿、短日照，对土壤要求不严。面对世界人口持续增长，水稻增收成为世界重点关注问题。近年来，被称为“杂交水稻之父”的袁隆平带领团队参与改良海水稻（saline-alkali tolerant rice），并于今年取得了重大成果。海水稻的出现对世界粮食安全的意义重大。
Rice, one of the main food crops in the world, was native to China and India and was introduced to the south of Europe in the Middle Ages. The ancestors in the Yangtze valley once planted rice 7,000 years ago. China has the largest total rice output in the world. Rice is a kind of short-day plant which favors high temperature and dampness, and does not have strict requirements on the soil. With the population around the world keeping increasing, a higher rice yield has become the key concern in all the countries. In recent years, Yuan Longping, known as “the father of hybrid rice”, has led his team to participate in the improvement of saline-alkali tolerant rice, which has achieved great results this year. The appearance of the saline-alkali tolerant rice is of great significance to the global food security.
4. Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to translate a passage from Chinese into English. You should write your answer on Answer Sheet 2.
Facial makeup in traditional Chinese operas is derived from original totems and gradually evolves into a unique artistic form of expression, which possesses a rather important position in moulding the characters of traditional operas. Facial makeup in Peking Opera is the most standardized and abundant, and it is also the significant prop of the face-changing art in Sichuan Opera. Different colors and patterns of facial makeup show clearly the characters’ various personality traits and moral qualities. For instance, the red represents loyalty, the black represents integrity and selflessness, and the white represents evil and cunning. Facial makeup can help actors express their emotions and is full of distinctive charm. In addition, it is widely applied to various arts and craft creation.
5. Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to translate a passage from Chinese into English. You should write your answer on Answer Sheet 2.
Guqin, chess, calligraphy and painting, which are called the Four Arts in ancient China, are the concrete embodiment of personal cultural accomplishment. The chess here refers to weiqi, known as the most sophisticated board game in the world. When playing it, the players use the round white or black pieces separately on an oblong board printed with many small squares of the same size. The men of letters in ancient China are passionately interested in weiqi, producing plenty of idioms and poems about it during the game, which have added distinctive vitality to the culture of weiqi. Now, weiqi has become a symbol of Chinese culture, carrying the Chinese civilization to the world!
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay on excessive consumption. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.
With the gradual diversity of commodity choices and the way we shop in modern times, we have changed our consumption concepts greatly. To fulfill our needs, many of us start to spend our incomes in advance by taking out a loan. As a result, we tend to choose excessive consumption. For that matter, I think we should deal with it rationally.
To begin with, excessive consumption is of no use to develop our finance management ability, which, on the contrary, will make us lose control over the balance between income and expenditure. Secondly, though it feels great to get the products that we have dreamed of for a long time, the excitement doesn’t last long. What we have to pay for the temporary joy is the burden of paying back the money. Moreover, when what we want is easy to get, some of us will lose ambition and indulge in the desire for materials, which will lead our life to a complete standstill.
Nowadays, people are getting accustomed to this consumption value. It is apparently tempting for many people. However, we should keep our mind clear and consume wisely.
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay about a person or an event that impressed you most during the fight against COVID-19. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.
A Person Who Impressed Me Most during the Fight against COVID-19
The outbreak of COVID-19 makes 2020 a unique and memorable year. And it is beyond all doubt that the outcome of fighting against this epidemic cannot be achieved without the effort and dedication of medical staff. My uncle, a pediatrician, is also one of the members in anti-epidemic teams. He left a deep impression on me during this period.
As many other doctors did, My uncle stuck at his post from the very beginning of the epidemic. “I did feel fearful, but every time I put my uniform on, my fear was gone. I am a doctor and saving lives is what we should do,” he said. “What I really want to see is the end of the epidemics.” His simple words impressed me a lot. Not until I met him again and saw his red eyes and thin figure I knew how busy and hard he was during the period.
The persistence and dedication of my uncle in his work inspire me to move on. He also lets me know that everyone should make a contribution for a better world.
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a speech on the significance of shouldering responsibilities. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.
Ladies and gentlemen,
Good morning! It’s my great privilege to be here to share my understanding of shouldering responsibility with all of you. As the saying goes, “The sense of responsibility will make us perform better.” So what’s the significance of shouldering responsibilities? I think the answers for different people are varied.
To start with, for individuals, everyone is born with duties. Those who perform their duties earnestly for themselves, families, jobs and even the society can finally realize personal values and even grasp the opportunity to make a better life. As for enterprises, actively fulfilling social responsibilities can help them overwhelmingly strengthen their competitiveness in such a fierce market and win more loyal customers. How about countries? A responsible country can not only improve the sense of well-being of its citizens, but also bring benefits to the safety, peace and sustainable development of the whole world.
Therefore, I call on everyone here to shoulder our own responsibilities conscientiously, whether they are big or small. Only in this way can we realize personal values and earn others’ respect.
That’s all for my speech. Thank you for your listening!
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay. National Games is going to be held in Shaanxi in 2021 and is recruiting volunteers. Suppose you are Li Ming, a college student in Xi’an, and you hope to be one of the volunteers. Please write a self-recommendation letter to the organizing committee. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.
My name is Li Ming, a college student in Xi’an. I’m really excited that the National Games is going to be held in Xi’an, Shaanxi in 2021. As a sports enthusiast, I aspire to be one of the volunteers in this event.
With the great proficiency in spoken English and the enthusiasm for sports, I believe I am qualified to work as a volunteer for the Games. At the same time, I possess quite strong interpersonal ability so I can help deal with some language communication barriers. What’s more, by participating in various activities, I have accumulated a wealth of volunteer experience as well as the useful knowledge and skills. Last but not least, as a local student, I am familiar with the environment and customs of Shaanxi, which will enable me to solve problems in a better and faster way.
If I get this valuable opportunity, I’ll try my utmost to contribute to the upcoming Games. Looking forward to your reply.
5. The longest journey begins with the first step. 千里之行始于足下
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay commenting on the proverb “The longest journey begins with the first step.” You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.
As an proverb goes, “The longest journey begins with the first step.”Success begins by doing small things.
In line with the standpoint of the proverb, I believe that only by persisting in ordinary small things can we achieve an extraordinary cause. As Michael Jordan said, “step by step, I can not see any other way of accomplishing anything.” Jordan wanted to play in the NBA when he was in high school, but he wasn’t even selected for the local high school team because he was less than 1.8 meters tall. To get the opportunities to practice in the NBA, Jordan even carried bags and did odd and ends for other players. Eventually, through continuous hard practice, he succeeded in showing his strength and getting into the NBA, and became a basketball superstar. Therefore, no one can succeed overnight and everyone gets closer to success gradually by constant efforts on trivial things.
In a word, instead of pursuing what’s beyond our reach, start from trivial things and strive for the goal step by step，which are the right ways to be closer to our goal.
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